Africa’s economic revival hinges on digital innovation says ATU
Digital transformation is the main driver of inclusive economic growth, job creation and improved public service delivery in Africa.
This is according to John Omo, General Secretary of the African Telecommunications Union (ATU), who led a discussion at a ministerial forum at AfricaCom 2022 on the digital economy in Africa and how the continent can use digitalisation to chart its course towards economic recovery.
The forum featured participants from Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, and Zambia, and was hosted by Huawei.
“Africa needs digital innovation to spill over into all segments of business and society if we are to strengthen our digital economy,” he said. “According to the World Bank, Africa requires US$100 trillion to achieve full digital transformation, and no one, in the public or private sector, has the capacity to do this alone. Through the power of investment and of regulation, together we can craft a framework that will give effect to the growth and development we want to see.”
Leo Chen, Huawei President of Sub-Saharan Africa Region, in his address, emphasised the three major elements of digital transformation: digital infrastructure, digital services and digital skills.
“If we do these three things well, we can connect the unconnected people and businesses, fully unleash digital productivity, and develop the digital economy, no matter what its definition is,” he said.
“To achieve this, Huawei innovates to impact with local partners, to find local solutions to local problems,” Chen said. “We are a leading global ICT company, and technology is our most important asset. We want to keep what matters the most in Africa. That is why we have made significant investments in people and skills transfer, through training, certification, and joint innovation.”
Forum guests were in consensus that digital infrastructure is fundamental to ensuring the digital transformation of their respective countries.In Malawi, according to Francis Bisika, Principal Secretary of e-Government, 2 300 km of fibre network has been installed across the country including to the remote rural areas.
“We are addressing the issue of connectivity, especially in rural areas, we are also bringing fiber to the home, as well as business. Once we have the connectivity, we can address the issue of digital literacy,” he said. “We have also built a government datacentre in which we are accommodating businesses and individual’s request for networking and storage, making ICT facilities available to as many Malawians as possible.”
What the guests also have in common is the integration though all government ministries, departments and agencies of the digitisation process, for example in issues around agriculture and education - technology is being incorporated through their systems.
“The digital sector has been given authority in Zambia,” said Zambia’s National Coordinator of SMART Zambia Institute, Percy Chinyama “We are working to maximise the work of revenue generating departments and to reduce duplications of work and now have 240 government services online.”
ICT and climate change share equal importance in Namibia, according to Emma Theofelus, Deputy Minister of Information and Communication technology.“Digitisation and energy efficiency go hand-in-hand,” she said, “and we are committed to working to increase levels of digitisation and reducing our impact on climate change.”
Another theme was that of the inclusion of youth in the continent’s digital transformation. Given that 60% Africa’s population is under 25, harnessing and retaining the innovation of its young people is critical for the future of Africa.
“Even as we have increased the number of tertiary education institutions, levels of unemployment remain a problem, and so we are working towards greater job creation for graduates,” said Ugandan Minister for ICT and National Guidance, Chris Baryomunsi.
The forum closed with the signature of a joint communique where all participants agreed that the development of the digital economy is measurable.
In order to develop the digital economy, countries need to have in place a top-level strategy and an implementation roadmap, with clear objectives, indicators and milestones. They also need favourable policies to encourage investment, improve efficiency, and enable the infrastructure, skills, digital ecology, and innovation needed to grow the digital economy and create a fair business environment for all investors.